From waste to resource.

Insects are efficient converters of organic waste into valuable protein for the feed industry. Many scientific studies have proven the suitability of insectmeal as a high quality protein source in animal feeds. Especially for fish and poultry, that both prey on insects in their natural environment. This new waste-based insect industry challenges the traditional view of organic ‘waste’, by considering it a ‘resource’, and as such reducing waste and retaining and upgrading valuable nutrients.

However, it also creates barriers for insect producing companies, feed manufacturers and regulatory bodies. Which organic waste streams exists and which can be used for insect culture? If we are feeding waste, will this affect the insect and the safety of the insect products? How are regulatory bodies looking at this new feed resource? How do we know an insect meal is indeed an insect meal and what is it fed on? ENTOFÔR aims to address these issues and suggest how this novel industry may overcome these barriers.

ENTOFÔR is a consortium of researchers from multiple disciplines (economy, social sciences, entomology, animal nutrition and feed safety) and the industry (organic waste-, insect- and feed industry). ENTOFÔR will: (1) Suggest economically viable, legislative and biologically suitable organic waste streams used for insect feed, (2) Build a national insect rearing centre, (3) Optimize insect processing and develop a quality control system for insects and insect products to anticipate legislative developments in the feed industry.


National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research
Project Leader Erik-Jan Lock
Tlf. +4795401244

Project funding

  • Program: BIONÆR
  • Norwegian Research Council: 8.79 MNOK
  • Total budget: 9.69 MNOK
  • Duration: 2017-2019

Project partners

  • National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES)
  • Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO)
  • Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC)
  • European Reference Laboratory for Animal Proteins in Feedstuffs (CRA-W)
  • University of Namur (UN)
  • Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR)